What is eczema?

Eczema is a chronic skin illness that affects babies, children and adults alike. Watch these video testimonials from eczema sufferers.


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About eczema

Eczema is a chronic skin illness that affects babies, children and adults alike. It is characterised by the appearance of skin lesions (redness, blisters and scabs) that come and go. Eczema causes extreme skin dryness and an alteration of the skin's barrier. It is painful and can be extremely itchy, causing severe difficulties in daily life.

Forms of eczema

There are several forms of eczema, depending on its location and its appearance and on the person’s age. Three forms of eczema are most common:
  • Atopic eczema: This form of eczema is caused by two factors: genetics and the environment. It can appear during the first months of life and continue into adulthood. It is estimated that up to 25% of children have atopic eczema(1). By learning to treat it, atopic eczema can be controlled.
  • Chronic hand eczema: This form of eczema is found most commonly in adults. It can be caused by work situations where the hands are often in contact with water or abrasive chemicals.
  • Contact eczema: New jeans, new earrings? Do itching and redness appear where they come in contact with the skin? This is generally how contact eczema appears. It resembles an allergic reaction that can be eased by applying a moisturiser and avoiding contact with the irritant.

Living with eczema: testimonials

Laboratoires dermatologiques Ducray spoke with people with eczema. Listen to Claire, Carole, Lætitia and her son Lucas.
Video produced by Laboratoires dermatologiques Ducray in partnership with Association Française de l'eczéma.