Daily life-changing care

Acne

It's a well-known fact that adolescents suffer from acne, but so do adults. The condition is quite a visible one, causing blackheads, whiteheads and red spots. Acne poses no real harm, but it must be taken seriously due to the psychological impact it can have and the scars it can leave behind. 

What is acne? What are the causes?

Very common in adolescents (80% of adolescents are affected), acne  can also affect babies ("infant acne"), and adults, especially young women, since it is estimated that 20% of them have a specific form of acne called "adult female acne". 

Acne is a chronic disease of the skin, more precisely of a skin appendage called the pilosebaceous follicle (hair + sebaceous gland). The sebaceous gland is responsible for producing sebum, a mixture of lipids essential for protecting the skin against external aggressions and for maintaining suppleness.  Due to hormonal changes, especially during adolescence, this sebum is produced in excess quantity or becomes too thick. Combined with increased proliferation of follicle cells, this causes the orifice of the pilosebacous follicles (skin pores) to become blocked, leading to the appearance of acne.

A bacteria normally found on the surface of human skin also plays a major role in the onset of acne. This bacteria is called Cutibacterium acnes or C. acnes.

Due to changes in hormones and in the sebum, the population of this bacteria is modified and stimulates the appearance of acne lesions.

Acne: forms and symptoms

Depending on the extent of the various parameters mentioned previously, acne can take on several forms  and present with different symptoms :
 
  • "Retentional" acne is characterized by shiny skin, dilated pores, blackheads (comedones) and whiteheads (micro-cysts).
  • "Inflammatory" acne presents with red spots: papules, pustules or even nodules, depending on the depth of the spots in the skin.  
  • "Cystic" acne is characterized by the development of cysts and linked to untreated or poorly treated inflammatory spots.
  • Acne conglobata and acne fulminans are the most severe forms of acne, but fortunately they are also the rarest forms
 
Acne mainly affects the face, but can also be found on the forehead, back, behind the neck and the front of the thorax. The main risk presented by acne is the appearance of scars, which can continue well beyond the teenage years, especially in cases of inflammatory acne.

Aggravating factors of acne

factors-agravating-acne
factors-agravating-acne
A number of external or environmental factors, such as stress, pollution, sun exposure or unsuitable or overly frequent use of cosmetics can have a negative effect on acne-prone skin.
 
  • During the summer, sun exposure causes the skin to thicken and acne appears to improve. But this is not really the case! Beware of the post-summer rebound effect! The sun is not a friend to acne-prone skin. It is therefore essential to protect the skin from the very first sun rays.  
  • When used on oily or acne-prone skin, excessively oily cosmetic products or make-up with too much coverage tend to promote the appearance of spots and contribute to pore blockage. Irritant products or scrubs used too frequently (more than once a week) tend to stimulate sebum production and inflammation and thus aggravate acne.
  • The role of diet in the onset or aggravation of acne is a controversial topic. Several foods, such as chocolate or deli meats have long been blamed for causing acne. According to the latest scientific data, milk and sugary foods are the most likely culprits in influencing the onset or aggravation of acne. Besides counteracting overweight and snacking between meals, no specific diet can be recommended.
  • Stress and smoking also seem to have a negative impact on sebum production and therefore on acne.

First spots: what to do?

As soon as the first spots appear, you must adopt the right habits:
  • Don't touch your spots
  • Use mild cleansers specially formulated for acne-prone skin
  • Use suitable make-up products marked "non-comedogenic".
  • Use alcohol-free shaving and after-shave products
  • Do not go out in the sun without the right sun protection
 
It is also important to consult a general practitioner or a dermatologist (skin specialist). Since acne is a chronic condition, a medicinal treatment could be prescribed to improve and limit aggravation. Depending on severity, type of acne and other criteria (duration, age, etc.), local, oral or combined therapy will be prescribed. 
 
The skin can sometimes be made fragile by these treatments (dryness, redness, discomfort, etc.) and the undesirable effects can be counteracted by using the right hydrating dermo-cosmetic skin care products. Dermo-cosmetic anti-acne products can also be prescribed by a doctor and recommended at the pharmacy.

In order to take control of acne  quickly and avoid scars, you must be patient and follow the prescription and the recommendations of health professionals. 

Our care routines

 
My anti-shine face care routine

Hydrating and mattifying action on oily blemish-prone skin.

Test this routine > My anti-shine face care routine > See my routine >

 
My anti-blackhead face care routine

Unblocks and purifies pores.

Test this routine > My anti-blackhead face care routine > See my routine >

 
My anti-spot face care routine

Action against inflamed whiteheads/red spots.

Test this routine > My anti-spot face care routine > See my routine >

 
My intense repair face care routine

Repairing action for acne-prone skin undergoing drying medicinal treatment.

Test this routine > My intense repair face care routine > See my routine >

 
My anti-blemish face care routine for adult skin

Action against spots, marks and first wrinkles.

Test this routine > My anti-blemish face care routine for adult skin > See my routine >
See all care routines >